Oath of Obligation Not to Bear Arms


I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will not take up arms against the United States or serve in any military capacity whatever against them until regularly discharged according to the usages of war from this obligation.


---- E. D. Townsend, Special Orders No. 170, October 12, 1861 in The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, 128 vols. Washington, D.C. GPO ser. 2 vol. 3 51-52. (VA REF 973.3 Uni)